The eye and a bicycle tire have one thing in common: Both require the right amount of internal pressure for safety and performance. Elevated eye pressure can be a risk factor for developing glaucoma. Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that lead to progressive damage to the optic nerve.1 It can cause irreversible loss of vision and eventually blindness.2 The exact cause of glaucoma is unknown.
There is no cure for glaucoma3 as of yet and the loss of vision is irreversible.4 However, medications can lower the eye pressure and slow the progression of the disease if taken regularly.4
Early Diagnosis is Key
Early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma is critical to managing this disease.6 Glaucoma remains under-diagnosed – up to half of glaucoma patients are not aware they have the disease, so regular check-ups with an eye care professional are critical. If you are concerned about your vision or that of a loved one, schedule an eye appointment today for a screening.
The following tests are commonly used to diagnose glaucoma:2, 5
Ophthalmoscopy: your doctor looks directly through the pupil at the optic nerve using an ophthalmoscope
Visual acuity test: measures how well the eye sees at various distances
Visual field test: measures side vision loss
Dilated eye exam: uses a special magnifying lens to assess the health of the optic nerve and retina
Tonometry: measures pressure inside the eye
Pachymetry: measures the thickness of the cornea using an ultrasonic instrument